Henry Brocas (b. Dublin c.1762, d. Dublin, 2 November 1837), engraver, landscape painter and caricaturist, was the great great grandson of Robert Brocas of Derbyshire who had come to Ireland as a cornet of horse under Oliver Cromwell. His father was Robert Brocas; his mother was Bridget, daughter of Nicholas Taylor of Wexford. His mother's relatives included Christopher Taylor, who had been obliged to print documents for the United Irishmen after Wexford was captured by them during the 1798 rebellion, and George Taylor of Ballywalter, who narrowly avoided execution as a loyalist in the same rebellion.
Brocas is said to have been self-taught as an artist. His primary interests were in engraving and landscape painting, mostly in watercolour. As an engraver he was noted for his portraits and caricatures of Dublin figures of the late 18th century, many of which were published in the Hibernian Magazine. He also worked as a cartoonist and/or engraver for Exshaw's Magazine, a repackaging of material from English magazines with some original material of Irish interest. Illustrations in this period could only be printed from woodblocks or copper engravings, and unless publisher John Exshaw had access to the original blocks or plates, reprinting cartoons would mean re-engraving them. Brocas is credited with a print of the great English cartoonist Thomas Rowlandson's "The Loves of the Fox and the Badger" in Exshaw's Magazine in 1784.
In 1800 Brocas was appointed master of the Landscape and Ornament School of the Royal Dublin Society. After the arrest of United Irishman Robert Emmett on 25 August 1803, Dublin Castle commissioned Brocas to produce an engraving of the prisoner before his execution on 20 September, which was later used to illustrate an edition of Emmett's defiant speech from the dock.
Brocas contributed cartoons depicting British atrocities in the wake of the 1798 rebellion to the Irish Magazine and Monthly Asylum for Neglected Biography, an anti-government publication published between 1807 and 1815 by Walter Cox, a member of the United Irishmen.
He had four sons, all artists. James Henry Brocas (b. Dublin 1790, d. Cork 1846) was mainly a painter of animals. Samuel Frederick Brocas (b. Dublin 1792, d. Dublin 1897) and William Brocas (b. Dublin 1794, d. Dublin 1868) collaborated on a series of engravings of views of Dublin, Samuel Frederick drawing, William engraving. William also drew political and social caricatures, painted portraits and figures, and became a Royal Hibernian Academician. Henry Brocas Jnr. (b. Dublin ca. 1798, d. Dublin 1873) was an engraver and landscape watercolourist who succeeded his father as master of the Landscape and Ornament School of the Royal Dublin Society.
Footnotes[edit | edit source]
- Cox, whose signature appears on one of Brocas' cartoons depicted here, was frequently prosecuted and spent time in jail for sedition. In 1815 the government paid him £400, plus an annual pension of £100, on condition that he closed the magazine, surrendered all copies and emigrated to America. In America he published a similar magazine, The Exile, from 1816 to 1820, before moving to France and then back to Ireland, where he was discovered and forfeited his pension. He died in poverty in 1837.
References[edit | edit source]
- Kenneth Baker, "British lion faces Irish monkey", review of Drawing Conclusions, Electronic Telegraph, 1 August 1998
- Patricia Butler, "Introducing Mr. Brocas: A Family of Dublin Artists, Irish Arts Review Yearbook Vol 15, 1999, pp. 80-86
- Nancy J. Curtin, "Cox, Walter (1770–1837)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008, accessed 2 Aug 2009
- Roy Douglas, Liam Harte & Jim O'Hara, Drawing Conclusions: a Cartoon History of Anglo-Irish Relations 1798-1998, The Blackstaff Press, 1998
- Máire Kennedy, "Printer to the City: John Exshaw, Lord Mayor of Dublin, 1789-90", Gallery C, 2006
- W. J. McCormack & Patrick Gillan, The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture, Blackwell Publishing, 2001
- Ruan O'Donnell, "Propaganda and Iconography: Images of Robert Emmett, Irish Arts Review Vol 20 No 1, Spring 2003, pp. 108-113
- P. J. Raftery, "The Brocas family, notable Dublin artists", Dublin Historical Record Vol 17, No 1, December 1961, pp. 25-34
- Irish artists - 18th century
- Walter G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists, 1913